Osteoporosis of the spine symptoms are the visible signs or the felt indications that one is suffering from spinal osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is an illness of the bones whereby they lose their density; making them more prone to fractures. There are two types of osteoporosis: type 1 and 2. Type 1 osteoporosis, or postmenopausal osteoporosis, is develops in women of 50 years of age and above. It is attributed to the reduction in the production of the oestrogen hormone; bringing about the shrinking of the inside spongy part of the bone called the trabecular bone. Type 2 osteoporosis, also called senile osteoporosis, attacks both elderly men and women who are over 70 years old. In this case, both the hard outer and inner bone structures shrink.
The spine is a component of smaller bones (discs) attached to each other. Osteoporosis (regardless of the cause, age or sex of the person) wears the inside (and sometimes the outside) of the bones;making fractures not only highly probable, but also shrinks the spine. Spinal osteoporosis affects other body organs around it. Some of the symptoms of spinal osteoporosis:
Where as a shrinking body form and a bent back may be a good indication that one has osteoporosis, these symptoms may not appear soon enough for the condition to be remedied. The only sure way of diagnosing this disease is through a DEXA scan (dual energy x-ray scan). However, leading signs that should warrant one to seek a medical opinion on their osteoporosis status can be:
With timely diagnosis of osteoporosis of the spine symptoms, treatment is possible. Treatment is geared towards maintaining the bones’ structures, reducing high resorption rate, strengthening the bones and preventing fractures. Treatment can be in form of:
- Exercises- if the bones have not fractured
- Healthy diets rich in calcium and vitamin D throughout one’s life; they enhance strong bone formation (in youngsters below age 30) and less resorption or wearing off of the trabecular and cortical bone (after 30 years of age)
- Drugs such as Biphosphonates, some Estrogenic Receptor modulators, calcitonin, teriparatide and parathyroid hormone among others
Some causes of osteoporosis are preventable (such as poor diet that lacks the necessary nutrients for strong bone formation and a reduced resorption) while others (such as genetic disposition) are not. Whichever the case, one should always take good care of themselves; eating right, exercising, and taking vitamin supplements. Whichever the case, one should always take good care of themselves; eating right, exercising, and taking vitamin supplements